Wood pellets made of wood material still occupy the highest grade biomass fuel rather than biomass pellets from materials other than wood. But along with the magnitude of the energy needs of biomass, need to look for some alternatives other than wood material.
Empty bunches of palm oil (EFB) are potential raw materials for pellets. Currently, Indonesia is the largest producer of palm oil, especially crude palm oil (CPO) in the world with an area of oil palm plantations covering more than 7 million hectares and hundreds of palm oil mills to process palm oil.
The production of palm oil is dominated by Indonesia and Malaysia with a production amount of 85-90% of world palm oil production. Empty fruit bunches are waste generated from the CPO production process which is currently still not widely utilized.
When making pellets from wood, the supply of raw materials by planting several types of energy plantations is need longer times and requires more capital, or if the availability of raw materials such as firewood derived from wood processing waste is increasingly limited, the Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) can be as one of the alternatives. Because EFB is one of the waste from palm oil processing industry that has not been widely utilized.